Category Archives: Carbon data

Energy Independent

BAD NEWS FOR THE BAKKEN:  Decline Rate of 63,000 Barrels A Day

The EIA – U.S. Energy Information Agency is now putting out data on the individual shale oil and gas plays in the country.  While the American public and world have been made aware of the huge increase in oil production coming from the Bakken, few are privy to the dark side of the equation.  The Bakken’s daily decline rate from their existing oil wells has reached a staggering 63,000 barrels a day.

Bakken-63000-Oil-Decline-Chart

This means, that every day the Bakken pumps oil, its existing wells are now declining 63,000 (bd) barrels a day.   As you can see from the chart above, the rate really started to decline in a big way after 2011 when the average daily decline was only 20,000 bd.  In less than 3 years, this rate has increased more than 3 times (63,000 bd).

source srsroccoreport

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Unburnable Carbon

Institutional Investors Concerned About “Unburnable Carbon” Fallout

The “carbon bubble” is a concept that has been gaining momentum over the past year. In brief, the theory claims that in order to avoid catastrophic climate change, the world must remain within its “carbon budget”—the volume of CO2 that can be emitted before the Earth’s temperature is pushed over the 2°C benchmark agreed upon by the international community. However, according to the IEA, “no more than one-third of proven reserves of fossil fuels can be consumed prior to?2050 if the world is to achieve the 2°C goal, unless carbon capture and storage (CCS) technology is widely deployed.” Following this theory to its logical end, the remaining two-thirds of global fossil fuel reserves are “unburnable”—that is, worthless.

Carbon Tracker Initiative
Source: Carbon Tracker Initiative

Addressing the market implications of this reality, HSBC published a report that found that a carbon-constrained future could dramatically reduce the market value of major fossil fuel firms—up to 60%, depending on demand repercussions.

source oilprice

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Why pyrolysis of organic matter matters.

One strategy would be to promote the use of locally produced compost to increase the moisture-holding capacity of fields, orchards and vineyards. In addition to locking carbon in the soil, composting buffers crop roots from heat and drought while increasing forage and food-crop yields. By simply increasing organic matter in their fields from 1 percent to 5 percent, farmers can increase water storage in the root zones from 33 pounds per cubic meter to 195 pounds.

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/07/22/opinion/our-coming-food-crisis.html?_r=0

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1250 is a near-term interim target for atmospheric concentrations of methane

Dear Reader,  petit-300x135

We have reached a planetary climate emergency. Something must be done. Because we have waited far too long to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, climate feedbacks in the sensitive arctic – which has experienced at least 300% of the global average warming – are already beginning to amplify globally the impacts of human emissions. As in all emergencies, the order and timing of our responses will now become critical.

According to several of the world’s preeminent sea ice experts, one of whom is a member of this group, the arctic summer sea ice minimum is likely to reach near-zero just a few years from now, decades sooner than predicted by most major climate models. Because of the immense stores of methane and other carbon locked in the arctic, the dramatically accelerating input of summer insolation into the arctic ocean as more and more of the summer sea ice disappears, and the probable connections between these arctic changes and increased extreme weather at lower latitudes, the risks of allowing the arctic to melt unchecked are becoming untenable. Something must be done about it. Right away.

1250’s mission is to help shift our orientation towards, and contribute to the development of, intelligent and well-informed near-term climate choices to help alleviate our immediate crisis, without ignoring our long-term goals and needs. In this way, 1250 provides an important complement to the 350 movement begun by Bill McKibben. 1250 is not just an advocacy group for methane cuts, however. Rather, it is a group focusing on near-term climate as a whole, and the remaining practical pathways to constructing a ‘climate bridge’ towards a stable and sustainable future, towards the world of 350.

Steep black carbon cuts, for example, as well as those of other short-lived climate forcers, are also essential to building that bridge. The non-CO2 contributions to current warming taken together exceed those of CO2 (they total about 57% of warming since industrialization), so there is considerable potential to alleviate our situation through these means, and black carbon cuts in particular could bring their benefits quickly to the rapidly accelerating arctic crisis.

Unfortunately, however, doing the math these days suggests that even with the most rapid reductions of black carbon, methane and other non-CO2 components, along with CO2 cuts, emissions reductions alone cannot reverse the so-called death spiral of arctic sea ice. 1250 thus advocates an immediate arctic ‘rescue package.’ We agree fully with the goals of Greenpeace and their ‘Save the Arctic’ program. But apart from pledging to keep out fossil fuel interests – which is unquestionably very important – Greenpeace has not yet detailed plans to save it.

If the arctic is left to keep melting, moreover, it will become well nigh impossible to stop the fossil industry from moving in, making this one the largest societal tipping points of our time. Either we move in the direction of 1250 – which demands a change of consciousness about the plurality of climate change causes and cures, and, regardless of the clear need for massive CO2 cuts, quickly undertaking a holistic set of ambitious non-CO2 measures – or we will likely slide inexorably toward a catastrophic future, even if positive steps are taken to move towards clean energy and lower CO2 emissions. 

http://1250now.org/

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Do the Math

Do the Math: A Movie to Spark a Movement

There is so much fossil fuel in the ground we can make the world uninhabitable for ourselves if we burn it all.
We have to stop using fossil fuels for non-essential practices like cremation’s, we can do it with solar power!
 

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Rattus carbonized

A rat experiment.

rat
184 gram rat

A dead rat in the garden, 184 gram, big enough to fill the little pyrolysiscell.

rat cell
Rat in the pyrolysis cell 3319 gram

A bit pushing was necessary to get the rat in the cell.

watervapor
Water vapor escapes

Brute force approach today heating up vaporizing the water content and pyrolysis phase direct afterwards.

hydro acro
Burning hydrogen and acrolein from the rat

Shortly flammable gases start to come out of the exhaust, mostly hydrogen gas and acrolein from decomposing fat.

rathead
carbon remains left the head is still recognizable

It is clear that animals remains don’t give nice pieces of biochar. The flesh melts when the cell membranes losing their integrity. On the left side is the skull of the rat with the front teeth is visible, the bones are very brittle. Only 24 gram remains 13% from the original 184 gram.

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Dehydration test

Test pyrolysis cell filled with 279 gram meat.

After a couple of hours above +/- 80 degrees Celsius 95 gram was evaporated.

Test Pyrolysis cell venting water-vapor
Acrolein chemical ball structure (from wikimedia)

Turns out a lot of fat is melting and collects on the bottom of the cell. Has it to do with chopped meat or are we going to be confronted with lots of arcolein that also evaporates. Acrolein is a irritating substance with a nasty smell. Luckily it’s highly flammable. Downside is the production of CO2.

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Wood test

170 gram fresh snipped wood from the tree
Put it in the cell and close the cell airtight
Put it outside the stove on the hot chimney. 73 degree Celsius.

Tomorrow the measurement how much moisture has been vaporized!

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First test run

The pyrolysiscel in the woodburning stove filled for the first time with spoiled minced meat.

The pyrolysiscel in the woodburning stove

 

After opening

;

Meat structure still visible, there is no disturbance, no air flow no flames just heat..
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DON’T WORRY, DRIVE ON: Fossil Fools & Fracking Lies

In recent months we’ve seen a spate of assertions that peak oil is a worry of the past thanks to so-called “new technologies” that can tap massive amounts of previously inaccessible stores of “unconventional” oil. “Don’t worry, drive on,” we’re told.

We can fall for the oil industry hype and keep ourselves chained to a resource that’s depleting and comes with ever increasing economic and environmental costs, or we can recognize that the days of cheap and abundant oil (not to mention coal and natural gas) are over.

SO MUCH MORE at http://www.postcarbon.org

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